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These Myanmar Coders Built a Website To Spread Anti-Military Propaganda

Myanmar soldiers

Troopers stand guard as they block a street close to a jail in Myanmar capital Naypyidaw on February 15, 2021, after the army seized energy. Photograph: STR / AFP


Air raid sirens blare, a machine gun begins firing, and the wails of girls and youngsters might be heard earlier than an emotional plea begins in Burmese.


That is the disturbing opening of considered one of eight audio recordsdata downloadable from a brand new web site referred to as Operation Hanoi Hannah. The tracks, which function a mixture of voice work, music and real-world sounds, are supposed to be “psychological warfare towards terrorist canine that mercilessly kill the civilians of Myanmar,” the location description reads, referring to the army.


The generals who seized power on Feb. 1, ending a decade of quasi-civilian rule, have tried to place down nationwide demonstrations with conventional strategies: brute drive. Not less than 600 people, together with dozens of children, have been killed because the coup. Authorities have additionally imposed widespread web restrictions, limiting the quantity of details about abuses that may be shared on-line.


However a younger era of globally-connected coders, engineers and artists are giving protesters a brand new set of digital instruments to push again because the standoff stretches into a 3rd month.


Named after Trịnh Thị Ngọ, the North Vietnamese radio broadcaster who taunted and tried to demoralize American troopers through the Vietnam Conflict, Operation Hanoi Hannah includes an unknown variety of folks affiliated with Myanmar’s protest motion who spoke to VICE World Information on the situation that they may use their noms de guerre. They’re loosely affiliated with two youth collectives, Mahar Insights and SekkuZine.


Bogyoke Khout Swel—which interprets to Common Noodles—is accountable for the creation, design and upkeep of the location, whereas Bogyoke Yay Khae—Common Ice—is the audio engineer and producer. Bogyoke Mee Shay (Common Rice Noodles) and Bogyoke San Pyote (Common Porridge) work on scripts and liaise with volunteer voice actors.


“It was an impulsive determination, actually,” Common Noodles advised VICE World Information of the web site’s creation. “We had been initially solely considering of creating dwell stream channels on Twitch and/or YouTube. We had a pair take a look at runs and promoted them however it didn’t actually blow up. Every week later, the thought of creating a web site simply got here to me.”


They sat down and constructed the location in about 4 hours, whereas a colleague who goes by Bokgyoke Sin Yel, or Common Poor, created the emblem: a megaphone blasting noise at a canine.


“We thought it was literal—blasting propaganda on the megaphones for the army canine to listen to—silly, and in addition humorous,” Common Noodles mentioned.


The identify was additionally one thing of an impulsive determination. The group was discussing concepts when Common Noodles recalled a YouTube video of Hanoi Hannah telling American troopers that they need to abandon the struggle in Vietnam, with the reverb and echo of outdated radio broadcasts including an eerie ambiance.


He recommended Operation Hanoi Hannah. There was unanimous settlement.


“We thought it was literal—blasting propaganda on the megaphones for the army canine to listen to—silly, and in addition humorous.”


The creators imagine that their work can play an actual function within the bigger Civil Disobedience Motion (CDM), which has used strikes, a shadow authorities, and international diplomacy to strike a blow on the legitimacy of army rule. However it’s nonetheless early days for the largely leaderless motion in a standoff that might final months if not years.


“Sadly, we’ve not seen or heard stories of our audio being performed on the streets,” they mentioned. “That’s one principal concern that we’ve, the mission is missing by way of implementation. We think about that the audio might be performed by loudspeakers, after which on the radio because the web is reduce off in most areas within the nation.”


Total, they intend to encourage extra members of the safety forces to defect to the motion, a small however rising development.


“There are recorded circumstances of police and troopers that went to defect however are afraid to or don’t have the help, and we’re simply one of many issues that may assist push them over the sting,” the group mentioned.


They hope to launch “pirate” radio stations to broadcast their tracks round Myanmar, although one radio station within the nation has already aired a few of their materials.


“After I heard OPHH [Operation Hanoi Hannah] on Federal FM [a new pirate radio station in Yangon created after the coup], I couldn’t even imagine my very own ears,” Common Porridge mentioned. “Listening to my scripts on the radio is one thing I by no means imagined, and most significantly, I hope these tracks actually make an affect in our struggle towards the terrorists.”


OPHH additionally is available in response to the Myanmar army’s personal widespread use of psychological warfare. An analysis of armed forces propaganda by broadcast, print, and social media discovered that it targets these with “much less political consciousness and people who find themselves not totally acutely aware concerning the modern political panorama.” In an investigation final month, VICE World Information additionally uncovered a number of movies of troopers using TikTok to unfold messages geared toward protesters whereas threatening them.


“Listening to my scripts on the radio is one thing I by no means imagined, and most significantly, I hope these tracks actually make an affect in our struggle towards the terrorists.”


In a new report, the Disaster Group forecast that the standoff between the army and the protesters will solely deepen as violent crackdowns deepen the favored consensus {that a} “return to army rule should be prevented in any respect prices.”


The group behind OPHH, for his or her half, has no intention of backing down, and so they hope others be a part of their effort as nicely and create their very own anti-junta propaganda.


“Because the mission beneficial properties extra recognition, we’ve gotten messages from many people who find themselves prepared to assist us out: skilled voice actors who wish to assist with voice recordings, folks to assist write scripts, individuals who despatched us their very own tracks that they produced and individuals who wish to donate to us as nicely,” the group mentioned.


Placing the tracks collectively, in the meantime, is a multi-step course of involving a number of folks. Nevertheless it couldn’t be accomplished with out Myanmar’s “Gen Z” activists, taking the struggle on-line.


“One thing like OPHH might solely have been dreamed up by the youth,” Bokyoke Cho Seint— Common Candy Tea—mentioned. “In that sense, OPHH displays the youth’s struggle, though we’re preventing for each era.”



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Source: These Myanmar Coders Built a Website To Spread Anti-Military Propaganda

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